Thursday, April 16, 2015

Discussing birth control

December 22, 2012 by  
Filed under Articles

Birth control is a controversial issue for some. It involves taking one or more precautions or devices to prevent pregnancy including drugs to control the hormones, the use of an IUD or condom or a diaphragm with spermicidal jelly.  Several means are available to avoid an unwanted pregnancy after sexual intercourse. The controversy arises mostly from religious beliefs, because birth control prevents the natural result of sexual intercourse, favoring pleasure over procreation.  However many contraceptive methods are accepted in our modern society and they are an essential component of family planning.

The idea behind contraception is to prevent fertilization of the woman during full sexual intercourse with a man. Thus the male sperm cannot fertilize the female egg. It avoids unwanted pregnancy that can lead to a voluntary abortion, or human misery in some cases. The controversy sometimes derives from the contraceptive method itself. For example, the morning after pill prevents a fertilized egg from settling in the woman’s womb and trigger pregnancy.  Even these days some methods of contraception are not so easily accepted.  With a stretch abortion is also a means of birth control but it is far from being unanimously approved, even in the most modern societies.

In general, the means of contraception known as ” barriers” are more accepted. These methods do not involve the interruption of the embryo implantation process since it never actually exists. The formation of the embryo is prevented.  Birth planning services have contributed significantly to reduce the birth rates in developing countries and it proved beneficiary.  Barrier methods, such as condoms, diaphragm, the calculation of the moment of the woman’s ovulation, or the contraceptive pill, are among the most common forms of contraception. Some methods are more reliable than others.  In the case of calculating ovulation for example, some women who do not have regular menstrual cycles will be exposed to an unwanted pregnancy.

Modern women have access to many solutions to avoid an unwanted pregnancy: pill, injection or contraceptive patch, IUD, diaphragm, spermicide foam, condom, calculation of the menstrual cycle. The choice of a contraceptive method is a personal matter, however most agree that it is better to prevent fertilization rather than interfere once it has occurred. Prevention is better than cure.  Discuss contraception with our doctor is still the best solution. Every woman is different and what’s appropriate for one is not necessarily for the other.  After a checkup the doctor will determine the most appropriate contraceptive method according to the specific needs of the patient.

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